Scientific name Plantago maritima – Armeria maritima saltmarsh
Common name Sea Plantain – Thrift saltmarsh
Community code SM3A

 

SM3A: Plantago maritima – Armeria maritima saltmarsh  SM3A: Plantago maritima – Armeria maritima saltmarsh  SM3A map: Plantago maritima – Armeria maritima saltmarsh

Download full pdf synopsis: SM3A

 

Vegetation

This is a community of typically fairly short vegetation dominated by Plantago maritima with the pink heads of Armeria maritima scattered throughout. The other constant species are Aster tripolium and Glaux maritima. Frequently growing with these plants are Triglochin maritimum, Festuca rubra and Juncus gerardii. Occasionally, some Puccinellia maritima, Cochlearia officinalis or Limonium humile can be spotted.

 

Ecology

This is a middle marsh community that is occasionally inundated. Conditions are base-rich.

 

Sub-communities

No sub-communities have been described for this community.

 

Similar communities

This community is sister to SM3B and quite similar. Here, however, Puccinellia maritima is only occasional and does not dominate. From most other saltmarsh communities, the abundance of Plantago maritima differentiates.

 

Conservation value

Almost all examples of this vegetation qualify as EU HD Annex I habitat 1330 Atlantic salt meadows. It is typically a species-poor community, but the species that are present are specialists.

 

Management

The main threat to this saltmarsh community is probably grazing by livestock. Sea-level rises as a result of climate change could potentially have an impact, particularly in areas susceptible to coastal squeeze.