|Scientific name||Fraxinus excelsior – Acer pseudoplatanus woodland|
|Common name||Ash – Sycamore woodland|
Download full pdf synopsis: WL2C
This is a high forest community dominated by a closed canopy of Fraxinus excelsior and Acer pseudoplatanus. Quercus robur and Fagus sylvatica are occasional trees. The understorey is formed mainly by Crataegus monogyna, with Corylus avellana and Sambucus nigra frequent and Ilex aquifolium occasional. Hedera helix is typically abundant in the shaded field layer alongside the other constants of Rubus fruticosus agg. and Polystichum setiferum. Frequent species are Geum urbanum, Phyllitis scolopendrium, Viola riviniana/reichenbachiana, Dryopteris dilatata, Geranium robertianum, Arum maculatum and Lonicera periclymenum. Hyacinthoides non-scripta may be part of the vernal flora. The bryophyte layer consists mostly of Thamnobryum alopecurum, Eurhynchium striatum, Thuidium tamariscinum, Brachythecium rutabulum and Neckera complanata.
This is a base-rich, fertile woodland community of well-drained mineral soils. It occurs on flat or sloping ground, in the lowlands. It may be particularly associated with old demesnes, urban areas and parklands.
No sub-communities have been described for this community.
This community could be confused with the ash woodlands of WL2B. Stands of WL2C, however, usually have Acer pseudoplatanus in the canopy and greater frequency of Phyllitis scolopendrium, Polystichum setiferum, Sambucus nigra and Urtica dioica. Stands of WL2B are also rather more diverse.
This is not a particularly species-rich woodland community and has a limited bryophyte flora. Stands dominated by Acer pseudoplatanus, a non-native species, will typically have less conservation value than native woodlands.
The main threats to these woodlands include woodland clearance and increased dominance of non-native species. They may be grazed by livestock so overgrazing can be an issue. Undergrazing may also occur, however, resulting in dense thickets of bramble that reduce field layer diversity.